ACCIDENT PREVENTION BASIC CONCEPT DEFINITION AND TUTORIALS


WAYS AND MEASURE TO PREVENT ACCIDENTS FROM HAPPENING

Active monitoring
Proactive or pre-accident strategies are concerned with the prevention of accidents, incidents and ill health. They include the implementation of well-established ‘safe place’ and ‘safe person’ strategies.

Reactive monitoring
Reactive monitoring, on the other hand, involves a number of post-accident strategies, directed at identifying the causes of accidents and ill health and obtaining feedback for incorporation in future proactive strategies. The reporting, recording and investigation of accidents is a common reactive strategy.

Accident definitions
It would be appropriate, at this stage, to define what is meant by an accident: An unplanned and uncontrolled event which has led to or could have caused injury to persons, damage to plant or other loss (Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents).

An undesired event that results in physical harm to a person or damage to property. It is usually the result of a contact with a source of energy (ie kinetic, electrical, chemical, thermal, ionizing radiation, non-ionizing radiation, etc) above the threshold limit of the body or structure (Frank Bird, Executive Director, American Institute of Loss Control).

An unexpected, unplanned event in a sequence of events that occurs through a combination of causes. It results in physical harm (injury or disease) to an individual, damage to property, business interruption or any combination of these (Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Aston in Birmingham).

Fundamentally, all accidents are unforeseeable (in the case of the accident victim), unplanned, unintended and unexpected. In the majority of cases, there is a sequence of events which leads to the accidents and there may be a number of direct and indirect causes.

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