EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ON SAFE WORKING STANDARDS BASIC INFORMATION AND TUTORIALS

What Are The Effect Of Environment On Work Safety?

The environment has a significant part to play in the capacity of the person–machine combination to produce output at the desired level and without loss. The person–machine production and safety factors are reduced by downgrading the work environment.

Environmental factors that impact on production and safe working standards include the following:

• reducing the amount of time allowed for performing the task

• abnormal temperature conditions

• failing to provide adequate lighting or proper illumination

• restrictions to movement through special clothing and equipment

• failure to provide compatible workplace design

• excessive noise and vibration

• imposing stress: lack of rest, confinement, isolation

• emotional stresses: fear, anxiety, boredom or personal issues.

Generally, a machine is not designed to operate continuously at its maximum limit. Logically, we should not design work systems which demand constant maximum output and vigilance from humans. 

Both people and machines are less prone to error where environmental variations and extremes can be avoided. Also to be avoided is the belief that, because person and machine are seen to perform well in poor environmental conditions, improvement is not needed. 

The effectiveness of procedures in ensuring suitable practices depends on training, supervision and the culture of the organization.

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