Effective health and safety management demands comprehensive health and safety policies which fulfil the spirit and the letter of the law, which are effectively implemented and which are considered in all business practice and decision making.

Organizations achieving high standards of health and safety develop policies that recognize:  that health and safety can contribute to business performance by preserving and developing human and physical resources, by reducing costs and liabilities and as a means of expressing corporate responsibility; that leaders must develop appropriate organizational structures and a culture which supports risk control and secures the full participation of all members of the organization; the need to resource and plan policy implementation adequately; that the only effective approach to injury, ill health and loss prevention is one based on the systematic identification and control of risk; the need for the organization to develop an understanding of risk control and to be responsive to internal and external change; the need to scrutinize and review performance so as to learn from experience; the connection between quality and health and safety.

Organizing for health and safety
Organizations achieving success in health and safety create and sustain a culture which secures the motivation and involvement of all members of the organization and the control of risks. This leads them to establish, operate and maintain structures and systems that aim at:  securing control by:

– employing managers who lead by example;
– clear allocation of responsibilities for policy formulation and development, for planning and reviewing health and safety activities, for the implementation of plans, and for reporting on performance;
– the allocation of health and safety responsibilities to people with the necessary authority and competence, who are given the time and resources to carry out their duties effectively;
– ensuring that individuals are held accountable for their health and safety
responsibilities and are motivated by systems of target setting and positive
– the provision of adequate supervision, instruction and guidance;
– payment and reward systems which avoid conflict between achieving output targets and health and safety requirements;  encouraging cooperation of employees and safety representatives by:
– involving them in policy formulation and development and in planning, implementing, measuring, auditing and reviewing performance;
– making arrangements for involvement at the operational level to supplement more formal participative arrangements;  securing effective communication by means of visible behaviour, written material and face-to-face discussion, ensuring competence through recruitment, selection, placement, transfer and training and the provision of adequate specialist advice.

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