Q. Does the ultra violet (UV) scanner light work better than an electronic leak detector?
A. No one detection system is better for all situations. But, with a UV lamp you can scan a system more quickly and moving air is never a problem. Solutions also leave a telltale mark at every leak site. Multiple leaks are found more quickly. (See Figure A4.3).

Q. How effective are new light emitting diode (LED) type UV lights?
A. LEDs are small, compact lights for use in close range. Most effective at 6-in. range. The model with two blue UV and three UV bulbs has a slightly greater range. Higher power Yellow Jacket lights are available.

Q. Can LED bulbs be replaced?
A. No. The average life is 110,000 hours.

Q Are RediBeam lamps as effective as the System II lamps?
A. The RediBeam lamp has slightly less power to provide lightweight portability. But with the patented reflector and filter technologies, the RediBeam 100-W bulb produces sufficient UV light for pinpointing leaks.

Q. Does the solution mix completely in the system?
A. Solutions are combinations of compatible refrigeration oil and fluorescent material designed to mix completely with the oil type in the system.

Q. How are solutions different?
A. Solutions are available with mineral, alkylbenzene, PAG, or polyol ester base stock to match oil in the system.

Q. What is universal solution?
A. It is made from polyol ester and mixes well with newer oils. It also works in mineral oil systems, but can be harder to see.

Q. What is the lowest operating temperature?
A. It is -40 degrees F for all solutions. Alkylbenzene in alkylbenzene systems to -100 degrees F.

Q. Does solution stay in the system?
A. Yes. When future leaks develop, just scan for the sources. In over six years of testing, the fluorescent color retained contrast. When the oil is changed in the system, scanner solution must be added to the new oil.

Q. Is the solution safe?
A. Solutions were tested for three years before introduction and have been performance proven in the field since 1989. Results have shown the solutions safe for technicians, the environment and all equipment when used as directed. Solutions are pure and do not contain lead, chromium, or chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) products. Presently, solutions are approved and used by major manufacturers of compressors, refrigerant, and equipment.

Q. How do I determine oil type in a system?
A. Many times the oil is known due to the type of refrigerant or equipment application. Systems should be marked with the kind of oil used. Always tag a system when oil type is changed.

Q. In a system with a mix of mineral and alkylbenzene oil, which scanner solution should be used?
A. Base your choice of solution on whatever oil is present in the larger quantity. If you do not know which oil is in greater quantity, assume it to be alkylbenzene.

Q. How do I add solution to the system?
A. In addition to adding solution using injectors or mist infuser, you have other possibilities. If you do not want to add more gas to the system, connect the injector between the high and low side allowing system pressure to do the job. Or, remove some oil from the system, then add solution to the oil and pump back in.

Q. How is the solution different from visible colored dyes?
A. Unlike colored dyes, Yellow Jacket fluorescent solutions mix completely with refrigerant and oil and do not settle out. Lubrication, cooling capacity, and unit life are not affected; and there is no threat to valves or plugging of filters. The solutions will also work in a system containing dytel.

Q. How do I test the system?
A. Put solution into a running system to be mixed with oil and carried throughout the system. Nitrogen charging for test purposes will not work since nitrogen will not carry the oil. To confirm solution in the system, shine the lamp into the system’s sight glass. Another way is to connect a hose and a sight glass between the high and low sides, and monitor flow with the lamp. The most common reason for inadequate fluorescence is insufficient solution in the system.

Q. Can you tell me more about bulbs?
A. 115-V systems are sold with self-ballasted bulbs in the 150-W range. Bulbs operate in the 365 nanometer long range UV area and produce the light necessary to activate the fluorescing material in the solution. A filter on the front of the lamp allows only “B” band rays to come through. “B” band rays are not harmful.

Q. What is the most effective way to perform an acid test?
A. Scanner solution affects the color of the oil slightly. Use a two-step acid-test kit which factors out the solution in the oil, giving a reliable result.

Q. Can fluorescent product be used in nonrefrigerant applications?
A. Yes, in many applications.

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