WATER COOLING COILS TYPES BASIC INFORMATION AND TUTORIALS


What Are The Types Of Water Cooling Coils?

Water Cooling Coils — Dry–Wet Coils
In a water cooling coil, chilled water at a temperature of 40 to 50°F, brine, or glycol-water at a temperature of 34 to 40°F during cold air distribution enters the coil. The temperature of chilled water, brine, or glycol-water is usually raised 12 to 24°F before it leaves the water cooling coil.

The water tubes are usually copper tubes of 1/2 to 5/8 in. diameter with a tube wall thickness of 0.01 to 0.02 in. They are spaced at a center-to-center distance of 0.75 to 1.25 in. longitudinally and 1 to 1.5 in. transversely. These tubes may be staggered in 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, or 10 rows. Chilled water coils are often operated at a pressure of 175 to 300 psig.

As in a DX coil, the air flow and water flow are in a combination of counterflow and cross flow. The outer surface of a chilled water cooling coil at the air entering side Tse is often greater than the dew point of the entering air or Tse> The outer surface temperature of coil at the air leaving side Tsl may be smaller than or Tsl< Then the water cooling coil becomes a dry–wet coil with part of the dry surface on the air entering side and part of the wet surface on the air leaving side.

A dry–wet boundary divides the dry and wet surfaces. At the boundary, the tube outer surface temperature Tsb= as. A condensate drain pan is necessary for a dry–wet coil. A water cooling coil is selected from the manufacturer’s selection program or from its catalog at (1) a dry and wet bulb of entering air, such as 80°F dry bulb and 67°F wet bulb; (2) an entering water temperature, such as 44 or 45°F; (3) a water temperature rise between 10 and 24°F; and (4) a coil face velocity between 400 and 600 fpm. The number of rows and fins per inch is varied to meet the required sensible and cooling coil load, in Btu/hr.

Water Cooling Coil–Dry Coil
When the temperature of chilled water entering the water cooling coil Twe ³ condensation will not occur on the outer surface of the coil. This coil becomes a sensible cooling–dry coil, and the humidity ratio of the conditioned air wa remains constant during the sensible cooling process.

The construction of a sensible cooling–dry coil, such as material, tube diameter, number of rows, fin density, and fin thickness, is similar to that of a dry–wet coil except that a dry coil always has a poorer surface heat transfer coefficient than a wet coil, and therefore a greater coil surface area is needed; the maximum face velocity of a dry coil can be raised to va £ 800 fpm; and the coil’s outer surface is less polluted. The effectiveness of a dry coil Îdry is usually 0.55 to 0.7.

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