REINFORCED THERMOSETTING RESIN PIPE BASIC INFORMATION AND TUTORIALS


Reinforced thermosetting resin pipe (RTRP) is a composite largely consisting of a reinforcement imbedded in, or surrounded by, cured thermosetting resin. Included in its composition may be granular or platelet fillers, thixotropic agents, pigments, or dyes.

The most frequently used reinforcement is fiberglass, in any one or a combination of the following forms: continuous filament, chopped fibers, and mats.While reinforcements such as asbestos or other mineral fibers are sometimes used, fiberglass-reinforced pipe (FRP) is by far the most popular.

One form of FRP, called reinforced plastic mortar pipe (RPMP), consists of a composite of layers of thermosetting resin–sand aggregate mixtures that are sandwiched by layers of resin-fiberglass reinforcements.

In another construction, the sand is replaced by glass microspheres.The high content of reinforcements in RTRP, which may run from 25 to 75 percent of the total pipe weight, and the specific design of the composite wall construction are the major determinants of the ultimate mechanical properties of the pipe.

The resin, although also influencing these properties somewhat, is the binder that holds the composite structure together, and it supplies the basic source of temperature and chemical resistance. Glass fibers, as well as many other reinforcements, do not have high resistance to chemical attack.

For enhanced chemical and/or abrasion resistance, RTRP construction may include a liner consisting of plastic (thermosetting or thermoplastic), ceramic, or other material. The outer surface of the pipe—especially that of the larger diameter sizes—may also be made “resin rich” to better resist weathering, handling, and spills.

Reinforced thermosetting resin pipe is available in a variety of resins, wall constructions, and liners with diameters ranging from 1 in (2.5 cm) to more than 16 ft (5 m). Stock and specially fabricated fittings are readily available.

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